Assessment and Evaluation Commission on Sudan's CPA strongly recommends parties to “build confidence and trust”

January 26, 2009 - (NSV) -- While time is of the essence and many people are holding out hopes that the NCP and SPLM still have requisite political will to deliver on the peace protocols, there has been no shortage of recommendations on how to right the slow progress around the CPA implementation: civil societies in Sudan and international scholars have been stitching recommendations, steps, and possible solutions.

The Assessment and Evaluation Commission (AEC), which was set up in accordance and tasked with monitoring CPA implementation, has just released its mid-term report and outlook.

In the report, the authors urged prudence as Sudanese prepare for 2009 national elections; quick demarcating and defining of the north-south border. The report said that “Initiation, in the National Constitutional Review Commission, of consideration of modalities for the 2011 referendum in the South; the National Security Act and the Press and Media Act; and establishment of commissions still pending, including the Human Rights Commission; of a program of national reconciliation, and confidence building measures in the spirit of the CPA” is indispensable.

hile the report recognized the great work done by the National Civil Service Commission in the “continued pursuit of fair representation from both North and South”, it urges each state to adopt the same reach by installing their own civil service commissions.

The report has also recommended establishing a mechanism for effective transfer of oil revenues to GoSS accounts, which can be achieved through “creation of separate Oil Revenue Stabilization Accounts – one for the north and one for the south”. This helps “to expedite the establishment of a systematic program for consultation with and participation of communities in the management of natural resources, in particular oil; also to expedite formation of the committee charged with assessing the social and environmental impact of existing oil contracts”, the report says. This, according to the report, can be realized through making great use of the National Petroleum Commission.

On three areas, the report focused great attention on the need for the parties to implement “Abyei Road Map” through meeting deadlines, addressing the plight of those displaced by recent violence. It called for JIU to be trained well; for sufficient assistance from donor comminutes. And while the United Nation Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) is doing their work, the report calls for them to be more proactive with respect to Abyei. The report has also recommended that there be reconciliation between Ngok Dinka and the Misseriya tribe.

With regard to Southern Kordofan, and Blue Nile, the report recommended “modalities for popular consultation to be fully worked up, to ensure completion of the process in the coming year”.

On the security front, the report recognized the enormity of issues not addressed: Redeployment of troops, Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration, training and infrastructure development. It called for JIU to undergo proper integration and for increased support from donors to effectively implement the coordination of DDR.

The report recommended “that the parties make full use of UNMIS capabilities; it also recommends pursuit of the UN’s intention to strengthen further UNMIS conflict prevention capacity. That the AEC play a more active role in offering ideas and support for CPA implementation and unity arrangements, recognizing the scale of the challenges through to 2011; and that its staffing should be strengthened, with a presence in Juba”.

Few weeks ago, in a different study, Dr. Edward Thomas of the Chatham House released a report titled “Against the Gathering Storm: Securing Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement” found at (, in which he warns that “The next few months in Sudan may see the emergence of one or more crises related to election deadlines, to Abyei,Kordofan and Darfur, or to the ICC, that have the potential to create widespread human suffering”.

Given the brevity of the remaining period, one overriding theme in the two reports seems to be the need for increased attention by the international community to avoid the “gathering storm” from ever gathering in the Sudan. The AEC report called for “encouragement of the broadest possible range of international support for CPA implementation, keeping under review the holding of high level international meetings to support progress and overcome blockages; for Generous donor support for CPA implementation in the coming period, including specifically for DDR; JIUs; elections; unity projects; and programs in the Three Areas and along the border”.